Deep chemical peel skin: If you have acne, scars, or hyperpigmentation conditions on your skin, a friend, family member or your dermatologist might have recommended a deep chemical peel session. Deep chemical peels have shown great results over time, but is that the same for black skin?
There is a controversy about using deep chemical peels on black skin. While some reports of scarring and hyperpigmentation as side effects might be seen in a few cases, this depends on a lot of factors.
Read on to learn about deep chemical peels, the types of deep chemical peels, and which is best for black skin.
What Is Deep Chemical Peel?
A deep chemical peel is a cosmetic treatment that entails applying an acid solution on the face and neck to remove dull, scaly, and old skin cells from the skin surface. The goal of deep chemical peel is to give the skin a new and glow appearance unlike the latter.
Not only does chemical peel remove old skin cells, but it also hastens skin cell regeneration, and corrects discoloration, tone, and texture of the skin.
Some chemical peels only give the benefits stated above, while others penetrate the layers of the skin to correct fine lines, wrinkles, and other signs of aging.
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Uses of Deep Chemical Peel
Furthermore, here are some of the specific uses of deep Deep chemical peel black skin for all skin types.
The acid solution of deep chemical peels is good enough to break up the clogged pores of acne and heal the scars of former acne wounds. The results gotten from these peels are more outstanding than the results of most cosmetic products.
Wrinkles and fine lines are some of the signs of skin aging. They form when the skin is no more able to produce enough collagen that would maintain the skin’s elasticity.
Deep chemical peels correct wrinkles and fine lines by improving the production of new collagen within the skin. With renewed production of collagen, the skin would regain its elasticity over time.
Every day, our skin is exposed to various environmental stressors that cause more harm than good to our skin. Some of these stressors include; UV rays from the sun, pollutants, hormones, and injuries.
These stressors could cause uneven tone( hyperpigmentation) on our skin, especially on the face. Deep chemical peels can be used to get an even skin tone and texture.
Melasma is a skin condition that is associated with dark patches on the cheeks, forehead, and chin. This condition can be caused by stress, pregnancy, or thyroid issues.
Can Black People Also Get Deep Chemical Peel?
Although everyone has melanocytes, cells that produce melanin, some skin is of darker shade because more melanin is produced on the surface level. People of color, which might be black or brown, produce more melanin than other skin tones.
This is beneficial as melanin acts as a protection against ultraviolet rays from the sun. However, skin with much melanin is prone to several skin conditions like melanoma, hyperpigmentation, uneven texture, etc.
Deep chemical peels work to remove or damage the layer of dead or old skin cells from the skin. Since melanin-filled skin is prone to several skin conditions, there are chances of getting unwanted reactions like scarring and hyperpigmentation after the procedure.
Which Chemical Peel Is Most Effective For Black Skin?
There are three general types of chemical peels. It is imperative to know these types, how they work, and some examples. It is also imperative to know which type of chemical peel your skin needs to get that glowy look.
● Superficial Peels
Superficial peels are made to work on the outermost layer of your skin (stratum corneum, or epidermis). They could also extend to work on the top of the papillary dermis, which is just beneath the epidermis.
Superficial peels are made of a combination of Alpha-Hydroxy Acids and Beta-Hydroxy Acids. The most common superficial chemical peels are glycolic acid and salicylic acid. Trichloroacetic acid (TCA) of 10-30% strength are also superficial chemical peels.
For chemical peels, these acids are used in concentrated amounts by a board-certified dermatologist.
● Medium-depth peels
Medium-depth peels are more effective in healing scars, uneven tone, and removing dead skin cells. These peels work on the middle layer of the skin. They start from the papillary dermis deep into the middle of the reticular dermis.
Examples of medium-depth peels include;
- Trichloroacetic acids of 35%-40% strength
- stronger concentrations of glycolic acid and Jessner’s solution
- Low concentrations of phenol peels
● Deep chemical peels
Deep chemical peels might go beyond the middle layer of the skin and should be advised and done strictly by a board-certified dermatologist. This type of peel is used in severe cases of blotchy skin, deep wrinkles, and damaged skin.
Deep chemical peels contain 50% or more strength of Trichloroacetic acid. The healing time after a session is longer than other types of peels.
The best deep chemical peel for black skin depends on the extent of damage to the skin. If the damage is acne scars and uneven tone, you could use superficial or middle-depth chemical peels. However, if the damage is extreme, and includes deep wrinkles, you might need a deep chemical peel.
Whatever the case, your dermatologist would be in the best position to give advice on which type of chemical peel to use.
Things To Expect After A Deep Chemical Peel
After a chemical peel, whether superficial or deep, your skin would go through new sets of changes. Here are some things you should expect and do after a peel to maintain the results.
- Your skin might give some reactions after a chemical peel. Reactions like redness, burning, dryness, and minor swelling. These reactions should be gone after a few days, but if not, you should visit your dermatologist.
- You might also have small breakouts after getting a chemical peel. This is not a major problem as the acne would be resolved during the healing process.
- Do not pull off the skin peels manually. It could add bacteria to your face. Instead, allow the peels to slough off naturally.
- Your doctor might prescribe a combination of skin-lightening agents that you should use after the peel. Use them judiciously.
- Your skin is prone to more damage from UV rays after you get a chemical peel. Therefore, always apply sunscreen twice daily, to prevent further skin damage.
- Avoid exfoliants and makeup until you get the expected results. It’s best to talk to your doctor before using those products.
Deep chemical peels could help you get glow skin by removing the old and scaly skin layer. However, this should be done carefully, especially on the skin of color.